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Gandhi was arrested on 4 January 1932
by the orders of Lord Wellington, the then British Viceroy of India, a protest
march was organised in Tirupur, on 10 January. Tirupur Kumaran a young millhand of Madras was leading the
procession, holding the Swaraj flag in his hand, when police attacked Kumaran brutally. He
exhibited an exemplary act of defiance against the police violence by holding the Swaraj flag up and kept chanting ‘Vande Mataram’. Next day, 11 January 1932, he breathed his last. He
is known as ‘Kodi Kaatha Kumaran’—Kumaran
who protected the flag.
‘Kodi Kaatha Kumaran’—Kumaran who
protected the flag
‘Kumaran’s hand holding the flag’, postmark from Tirupur issued on 15 August 1997 to commemorate the 50th
anniversary of Independence
The Tirupur Kumaran Memorial at Tirupur, Tamil Nadu.
Quit India movement of 1942
Gandhi gave the
historic ‘Quit India’ call at the AICC
session in Bombay (Mumbai). Here is the mantra,
said Mahatma Gandhi ‘a short one that I give you. You may imprint it on your
hearts and let every breath of yours give expression to it. The mantra is “Do or Die”. We shall either
free India or die in the attempt. We shall not live to see the perpetuation of
The Quit India movement
of 1942 brought forth a host of volunteers and martyrs who performed great
deeds of courage, heroism and sacrifice. The Purna Swaraj flag was declared outlawed but volunteers appeared all
over the country and defied the order.
the city of Patna witnessed a memorable but heart-rending scene that saw seven
brave young students die and several others seriously injured by the bullets of
the police in the campus of the old Patna Secretariat. These boys were raising
anti-British slogans and were determined to hoist the Purna Swaraj flag on top of the Secretariat building.
The bronze sculpture by Debi Prasad Roy Choudhury depicts the seven students who lost their lives while attempting to hoist the flag atop old Patna Secretariat building.
The seven students, whose names are
engraved on the Martyrs’ Memorial in Patna were:
Prasad Sinha –Ram Mohan Roy Seminary,
Singh –Ram Mohan Roy
Seminary, class IX
Prasad Jha –Patna
Collegiate School, class X
Kumar – Bihar National
College, 2nd year
Choudhry –Miller High English School,
Singh –Patna High English
School, Matriculation class
–Punpun High English School,
While, Ramkrishna Singh (1923-1984), then a third year student of Patna
Collage was arrested and imprisoned for thirteen months.
On 20 September 1942,Kanaklata Barua, at Gohpur in Assam, a young girl then, led a procession of
unarmed villagers waving Purna
Swaraj flags to the nearby police station.As soon as Kanaklata unfurled the flag at the
police station she and her companion Mukunda
Kakati were gunned down by the Police. On the same day at Dhekiajuli
police station eleven villagers were gunned down by the Police while trying to
hoist the Purna Swaraj flag - three of them were teen-aged girls - Tileswari, Numali and Khahuli. Kanaklata Barua has not yet been postally recognised by India Post.
The best account of a rebel
'National Government' was from Tamluk sub-division of East Midnapore district in
A statue now stands at the spot where she was killed in Tamluk, East Medinipur. And a Memorial Pillar adjacent to Matangini Statue at Tamluk Matangini leading the procession, statue at Nandkumar, East Medinipur.
The ‘Quit India’ had led to the formation of `SwadhinaChakla’ or ‘SwadhinAnchala’
(independent area) at Eram-Basudevpur in Odisha. The stimulated poetry of Banchhanidhi Mohanty had inspired
thousands to participate in this movement. People of nearby villages were
assembled at Eram after they
declared themselves as part of a `swadhina
chakla’ under the leadership of freedom fighters Kamalaprasad Kar, Gouranga Chandra Mohanty, Aniruddha Mohanty and
Shyamsundar Panigrahi.On the
evening of the fateful day, September
28, 1942, these satyagrahis
gathered at the Eram market place for a meeting defying the prohibitive orders
of the police. Twenty ninesatyagrahis, including one woman Pari Bewa by name, laid down their
lives and many more were injured when police opened fire on the group of
agitators demonstrating for ‘swaraj’.
Singh Lodhi was a freedom fighter from Unnao,
Uttar Pradesh. He laid down his life at the historic ‘Aminuddaulla Park’ at
Aminabad, Lucknow, in August 1935while trying to unfurl the
tri-colour flag defying a Government order that was unacceptable to freedom
fighters. He was shot dead by a British police officer when he was climbing a
tree in the park to hoist the flag atop. Since then it started
to be referred as the Jhandewala Park. (Jhandewala means ‘standard
India Post issued a commemorative postage
stamp on Gulab Singh Lodhi on 23rd December 2013. The park was the epicentre of political
activities in the city of Lucknow. It is said that freedom fighters first
hoisted the tricolour flag in the park in 1928. The British India government, in
order to suppress the freedom movement had banned waving of the tricolour flag.
Memorial of Amar Shaheed Gulab Singh
The Statue was unveiled by Mulayam
Singh Yadav, Chief Minister – U.P.
On 23rd August 2004 at Jhandewala Park
There is a memorial of the ‘Jhanda Gaan’ (song of the flag) penned
by Shyam Lal Gupt ‘Parshad’ of Kanpur
Jhanda ooncha rahe hamara
shann ajanepaaye ...’
(May our flag
always fly high
source of undying strength
its glory never fade…)
memorial was dedicated to the citizens of Lucknow on 26th January 2003.)