This blog is all about Flags of the World in general, with emphasis on Indian Flags in particular and its History from ancient to date, flags in news, etiquette, etc.
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Since 1969, the Fédération internationale des associations vexillologiques (FIAV) an international federation of 52 regional, national, and multinational vexillological associations and institutions across the globe. has sponsored the biennial International Congresses of Vexillology (ICV). Every two years the world’s flag people come together to discuss the subject they love best, flags, hear talks on various vexillological subjects and socialise.
Flag Institute, UK will organise the 27th
International Congress of Vexillology (ICV27) from 6-11 August 2017, at Huxley Building, Imperial
College, 180 Queen's Gate, South Kensington, London SW7 2AZ . http://www.icv27.co.uk
Here is the full programme, list of the speakers and the titles of their topics to be presented during the Congress.
FiveSixEight, Beit Quadrangle, 2 Prince Consort Rd, Kensington, London SW7 2BB
Opening Ceremony / official ICV27 photograph
Queen's Lawn, Imperial College Conference Speakers;
1030-1100 Annie Platoff (USA) : Little Leninists: flags, symbols, and the
political socialization of Soviet children
1100-1130 Tiago José
Berg (Brazil) :
Vexillology with high school students
Kaye (USA) : American city flag redesign - a welcome change
Harrington (Canada) : Flags and
the Anniversaries of 2017 - myths, mistakes, misconceptions
Christopher Maddish (USA) : Colour coding and new vexillological avenues for flag
Pierre-Jean Guionin (France): The new edition of Album des pavillons et des marques
Victor Lomantsov (Russia) : Flags of trade-unions' sport societies in the USSR
Chakrabarti (India): Variant of
dominant political party flag as national flag - confusions and controversies:
a case study
John Cartledge (UK) : Red for danger
Welcome barbecue includes celebration toast marking the 50th Anniversary of the
Inception of FIAV (ICV2, Rüschlikon, 1967)
terrace, Baden Powell House, 65-67 Queen's Gate, South Kensington, London SW7
Ralph Bartlett (Australia) : Flags by King for Country
Rachel Phelan (Ireland) : What's up with the big green flag? The conservation of the flag
of the Irish Republic
Roberto Breschi (Italy) : A vexillological treasure in Florence, Italy
Manuela Schmöger (Germany) : kommunalflaggen.eu - a Wiki about municipal flags
1130-1200 Scot Guenter (USA): Historical shifts and emergent paradigms:
tradition, ideology, sources of power and influence in flag studies
Alan Hardy : The standard colour set, a common ratio, contrast and
1400-1430 Ralph Kelly (Australia): A flag for Empire
Cédric de Fougerolle (France) : Ex-libris and vexillology
Ladislav Hnát (Czech Republic) : Party flags, colours and logos in the 8th European Parliament
Pluethipol Prachumphol (Thailand) : History of the Thai flag
Slovenian Vexillological Association : ICV29 bid - supporting presentation
Genealogical Society of Ireland : ICV29 bid - supporting presentation
25th FIAV General Assembly
Full day excursion to Greenwich
Arrive Greenwich Park (Blackheath Gate) for a guided walking tour including
Royal Observatory (Prime Meridian, Flamsteed House, great views), Old Royal
Naval College (Painted Hall and Chapel), Cutty Sark
Lunch - Davy's Wine Bar, Greenwich
National Maritime Museum: 'Flags in the NMM: an introduction', a talk by
Barbara Tomlinson, Curator Emeritus
Explore the NMM and Greenwich
travel: by river on Thames Clipper to Westminster Pier
0900-0930 Marcel van
Westerhoven (The Netherlands) Polderboard
flags - requiem for a dream
0930-1000 Bruce Berry(South Africa): The beloved green and white - (white)
Rhodesia’s search for a unique symbol of identity
Stoyan Antonov (Bulgaria) : Flags of Bulgarian municipalities
Hervé Calvarin (France) : Doubts and certainties in vexillology
1130-1200 Jos Poels (UK) : Evolution of the Gambian flag
David Chkheidze (Georgia) : The flags of contemporary Georgia
Aleš Brožek (Czech Republic) : The survey of flags used by rowing clubs in the Czech Republic
Avelino Couceiro Rodriguez (Cuba) : Cuba and Puerto Rico: Two flags, two wings of a
Patrice de La Condamine (France): Flags and the woman
Uroš Žižmund (Slovenia): Two flags, two proposals - a new system of national and rank
flags of Slovenia
1630-1700 Stan Zamyatin (Ireland): County flags of Ireland
Flags of the World (FOTW) Meeting (continues at FiveSixEight, Beit Quadrangle)
0900-0930 Željko Heimer (Croatia) : Historical origins of contemporary
Croatian municipal flags
Tony Burton (Australia) : Budgie smuggling and flag mayhem in Malaysia
1000-1030 Alain Raullet (France) : The third way of raising flags in Brittany
Roman Klimeš (Czech Republic) : Symbols of the Bohemian Olympic Committee 1912
Carlos Alberto Morales-Ramirez (Singapore) : Zoogeographic vexillology of North America -
exploring endemism in sub-national flags
Nicolas Hugot (France) : A journey through constitutional vexillology
Xinfeng Zhao (China) : The flags of Genghis Khan
Peter Hans van den Muijzenberg (The Netherlands) : Five rings to bring them all - a presentation
of the Olympic Flag
Attila István Szekeres (Romania) : The evolution of the Szekeler flag in the last four
Raeside (Canada) : Sub-national flags in Canada
Hribovšek (Slovenia): The new
Association flag and flags of the officers (Heraldry Society of Slovenia)
Theun Okkerse (The Netherlands): The obverse and reverse paradox
Vexillological Association of the State of Texas : ICV28, San Antonio 2019
Farewell Aperitif and Closing Banquet
Gladstone Library, Royal Horseguards Hotel, 1 Whitehall Ct, Westminster, London
On 30 November 2016 I was presented a historic Tibetan Flag by Sherap Gyatso, purported to have been flown
during the inauguration ceremony of the first Tibetan Monastery at
Sarnath, Varanasi by the founder Gan Thupten Jungney (Gan Gose La), the
most popular Tibetan Ranzen activist of his time, when His Holiness the 14th
Dalai Lama paid a visit to India to attend the 2500th Buddhist Jayanti
Celebration in 1956.
China has made possessing the Tibetan flag illegal in Tibet since 1959. (Wikepedia).
However the Tibetan Flag is widely in use by the Tibetan people seeking freedom
from Chinese Rule. The Flag is also used by the Tibetan Government in
Exile, based in Dharamsala, India and at all other Tibetan Monasteries.A Cinderella stamp issued to commemorate the centenary of the UPU in 1974.
THE SYMBOLISM OF THE TIBETAN FLAG
In a letter written to me in 1983, Guru Tharchen of the
Tibetan Refugee Centre, Darjeeling narrated the symbolisms of the Flag as follows;
The Snow Mountain: Symbolise the geographical
feature of Tibet surrounded by lofty Himalayas.
The Pair of Lions: the
twin system of the Temporal and Spiritual power.
The Wishing Gem: in
the paws of the lions the rule of law based on the Law-principal of
cause and effect underlying the Ten Golden Precept and the Sixteen
Human-principals, which are the source of infinite benefit and peace.
The Flaming Jewel: over the wishing gem,devotion of the Three Gems
(Triratna) who are endowed with twenty four transcendental attributes.
Flags in Red & Blue: unfailing support of the two guardian deities
known as MAR NAG NYIE.
The Twelve Stripes in Red & Blue: the twelve
descendant of the six originals of Tibet.
The Rising Sun: freedom,
happiness and prosperity of the ideals of Buddhism.
The Five Coloured Banner: on the top of the mast, the victory of Golden Phodrang, the Central Government of Tibet, over all the spheres.
The Double Edged Sword: the Vajra and the Lotus, on top of the banner , the incessant appearance of the incarnations of the three of the three Budhisattavas: Avalokitesvara, Monjushri and Vajrapani.
The Un-bended and Un-ending Mast: the justice of the law without fear or favour.
The Knot of the White Ribbon: the noble tradition of the Dharma.
However, we have also a simplified version of the Symbolism of the flag.
1. The white snow mountain in the center depicts the land of the: great nation of Tibet. 2. The six Red rays emanating from the sun - the six original people of Tibet: the Se,Mu, Dong, Tong, Dru, and Ra. 3. The blue rays- the commitment to spiritual and secular rule. 4, The pair of snow-lions: the complete victory of the spiritual and secular government
5. The three sided yellow border: the flourishing of the Buddha's
teachings. the fly-side without border :Tibet's openness to non-Buddhist
thought 6. The raised jewel :Tibet's reverence for the three Precious Gems: the Buddha, the Dharma, and the Sangha.
It seems our Government officials will never learn. Chief Elections
Commissioner, Puducherry in association with Dept of Posts issued a
subsidised Meghdoot Post Card with the morphed photograph of the Indian
flag on the famous photograph of World War II US flag raising at Iwo
The iconic photograph was taken on February 23, 1945 by
Joe Rosenthal. It depicts United States Marines raising a U.S.
flag atop Mount Suribachi, during the Battle of Iwo Jima in World War
The photograph became extremely popular, being reprinted in
thousands of publications. Later, it became the only photograph to win
the Pulitzer Prize for Photography in the same year as its publication,
and came to be regarded in the United States as one of the most
significant and recognizable images of the war, and quite possibly the
most reproduced photograph of all time.[Wikipedia].
Over the time
this iconic photograph also became the victim of most "MORPHED
PHOTOGRAPH" in several countries including India. Little they realize that this kind of PHOTOSHOP tricks do not really help glorify their own patriotic farvour.
WATCH HERE EXAMPLES OF A FEW MORE MORPHED
PHOTOS REPLACING THE US "STARS AND STRIPES" WITH THE INDIAN TRICOLOUR.
The Goan newspapers of 19 December 2011
carried several advertisements on the great occasion of celebrating the
golden jubilee which turned out to be a sheer nonsense , it was found
the image selected by the Goan Government agencies is a FAKE one.
advertisement showed Marines holding high the Indian tricolor in an act of
triumph. If you think the newspaper ad. was
to glorify and well up patriotism, you
are terribly wrong . In fact the
advertisements should be considered as an affront to our dignity.
the recent past the same art work made
by some braindeads in the government agencies had revealed how animmortal
photograph that came to symbolize the
courage and indomitable will of American people in World War II in the Pacific had
been unashamedly vandalized. Even the 'Fake art work' was published by the Defence Research and
Development Organisation (DRDO - an
agency under the Ministry of Defence, Government of India)
It seems Government
Departments just won’t learn.
Heroes of the War in
The US stamp was issued just five months after the
Flag-Raising atop Mt. Suribachi in Iwo Jima. On the day of issue, people stood patiently in lines stretching
for city blocks on a sweltering July day in 1945 for a chance to buy the
beloved stamp. For many years, this was the biggest selling stamp in the
history of the US Post Office. (Over 137 million sold.)
A retouched copy of the original photograph. Issued in 1995
to celebrate the 50th Anniversary of the first Iwo Jima stamp.
During World War II, exactly seventy one years ago – U.S. fighting
forces displayed extraordinary courage and determination in winning the war in
the Pacific. But it was on the island of Iwo Jima that a singular event
occurred that would come to symbolize for all time American valour in the long
bitter fight against the Japanese. With Japan’s
home islands sighted squarely in their minds, as the next target for American
warplanes, the U.S. determined that the volcanic island of Iwo
Jima was vital to the US goal. The only island in its region suitable for
an airfield. Iwo Jima was already the site of two operational Japanese
air strips, when the US Marines began their invasion on 19 February 1945. On
February 23 – after clawing their way up Mt. Suribachi under relentless Japanese fire – Marine
raised a small American flag on the summit.
The sight of the American flag 'The Old
Glory' waving in the breeze evoked cheers from Marines.
Offshore, U.S. warships blew their whistles in tribute. Few hours later,
as a larger flag was being raised on the Mt. Suribachi, the Associated Press
photographer Joe Rosenthal took the memorable picture of the event and became
the most famous of the Pacific war.
The photograph was extremely popular, being reprinted in thousands of
publications and came to be regarded in the United States
as one of the most significant and recognizable images of the war, and possibly
the most reproduced photograph of all time.
William Crampton in his book “The World of Flags” wrote
“The use of flags at sea was the beginning of the flags as they are
known today, since they were actually flown from masts and staffs rather
than merely held in hand”. Since time immemorial, flags have always been
used at sea in trading vessels
(merchant ships) and ‘men-of-war’ (warships).
The ‘Age of Discovery’ saw the development of heraldic sails, ie, ones painted with armorial
devices all over. The armorial devices symbolic of nationality
ultimately gave away to modern Flags at Sea. At sea
there has grown up etiquette of how the flags should be used and where
they should be hoisted and the occasions when they are used.
We will discuss about the Flags at Seachapters wise, viz. Ensign, Jack, Pennant, Courtesy Flag, House Flag, Flag of Convenience, Signal Flags, Rainbow Fashion, Pirate Flag, Yacht Flag and finally “Flag Customs at Sea” with philatelic illustrations.
The term ‘ENSIGN’ is derived from Greek ‘Semeion’, Latin equivalents ‘Signus’ and ‘Insigne’
is the distinguishing National flag worn by ships at or near the stern.
According to Late E. M. C. Barraclough, foremost flag historian, the
term 'Ensign' was first used by the British Navy way back in 1574.
White Ensign (War Ship) - Red Ensign (Merchant Ship) - Blue Ensign (Ship on Govt. duty)
The Spanish Ensign (1516 - 1785); The Cross of Burgundy - The Saltire Raguly.
Many National Flags of today were, in fact, first created as Ensigns for use at sea.
The first display of Japanese Ensign was on the occasion of the trip to the US in 1860 of the first diplomatic delegation ever sent abroad. The cruiser Kanrin Maru sailed the Pacific, for this purpose flew the Japanese Flag "Hi No Maru" at the bow for the first time s the symbol of the nation.
Swallow-tailed or Split National Flag is used as Naval Ensign in Scandinavian Countries.
Most Commonwealth countries use White Ensign to denote Warship
Italian and Korean Naval Ensigns
Red Ensigns denote Merchant ships
Israel's Merchant ship Ensign
Indian Coast Guard's Blue Ensign defaced with Coast Guard's emblem.
In most countries, but not all, Ensign
discharges a dual function; it shows the Nationality and the function of
the ship, for example a warship, a merchant ship or a ship in
government service, namely, Coast Guard, Coastal/River Police, Customs,
Private Yachts and so forth. Most countries, particularly within the
Commonwealth Member countries have three or more different ensigns – one
for the warships (white), one for the merchant ships (Red) and one used
by ships in government duties (Blue). Often these ensigns are further
differentiated by superimposing (defacing) the ensigns with the ‘badges’
or ‘emblems’ of the particular organization the ship belongs.
The German Imperial Reichskiegsflagge (War Flag; 1903-1921) was based on Naval Ensign of Prussia dating back to Teutonic Knights.